A large tree of the walnut family (Juglandaceae) up to 25 m, with a spreading crown and thick trunk diameters up to 3 m. Leaves alternate pinnate, with two to five pairs of ovate-oblong leaflets. The flowers are small, dioecious. Male flowers consist of a perianth of six-bladed and 12-18 stamens, are collected in many-flowered catkins. Female flowers with two bracts, solitary or collected two or three. The fruit is a large spherical or elliptical drupes of different sizes, with a fleshy outer part (called the pericarp, but botanically it is illegal), which surrounds the woody bone of various shapes and sizes, colloquially called nut, with the prisoner in it the seed, is covered with a light brown shell (nut kernel).
Blooms in April-may.
The place of growth. Distribution
Grows in the mountainous areas of the canyons and hillsides, along streams and mixed deciduous forests of Central Asia, Ukraine and the Caucasus. It is cultivated in gardens. Continue reading
Primacy in determining the useful properties of pumpkin belongs to the people of South America. The Emperor of China met overseas guests with dishes of pumpkin, praising the healing quality of exotic vegetable. In Japan believe that the pumpkin seeds should be consumed men.
In Europe, a real jewel of vitamins came only in the 18th century. Today, the pumpkin, from the pulp to the seeds, the raw material for the production of medicines, cosmetic creams, a fundamental element in the development of dietary recipes, an inexhaustible source of culinary delights.
Pumpkin and traditional medicine
Traditional healers compared the pumpkin with the sun that brings health and longevity. A gourd vessel of inexhaustible reserves of vitamins and minerals.
Starts a list of vitamin a needed to improve vision. Second place after carrot juice to carotene content. Continue reading