Medicinal plants, their characterization and use.
World of plants – a unique gift of Nature to the population of the earth.
In ancient times people extensively adopted wild fruits, greenish fraction of plants, their roots and rhizomes. Medicinal and nutritional characteristics of the plants tested many years of experience of the peoples of Russia.
All medical and medicinal plants contain complex organic compounds, including various vitamins and micro and macroelements.
Some wild and cultivated (cultivated) plant is used from ancient times in cooking. Together with this there is the likelihood of many diseases healing herbs known to man from time immemorial. Because the main focus is on medicinal plants .
Almost all the plants people consume too, and sometimes in General don’t understand about them. Provides Botanical data of the plants, geographical distribution in Russia and adjacent States, methods of harvesting and preparation of plants, the approximate chemical composition, medical, food and some other qualities. In most cases, at the end of each essay on separate plants placed recipes its implementation in the scientific and ethical medicine.
However, it should be noted, in fact, not all medicinal plants are safe for health, there is among them poisonous, in consequence, in any such case the stipulated protivopokazaniya their application. Separately allocated, undoubtedly, dangerous plants. Using a multi-component charges, you need to keep in mind actually not always a known working combination of certain drugs and their individual tolerability. All fees and teas that are listed in the Appendix, verified in scientific medicine and approved for use pharmacological Committee.
The plant world has given us a great treasure — medicinal plants . which were always the source of life, food and health. Many of them have been a test of centuries and constitute an invaluable Foundation for contemporary herbal medicine. The history of folk herbal medicine has the age equal to the history of the population of the earth. There is no doubt that the development was experimental. Right to life won the curative effects of plants . some were obvious and did not require ” statistical processing “. Information about the action of plants on the diseased organism are passed from generation to generation and sometimes was kept secret and remains the domain of a narrow circle of people, for example family.
Folk phytotherapy preserved for posterity the invaluable experience of the past to cure various diseases. Not accidentally Russian traveler and naturalist I. I. Lepekhin in 1784, wrote that ” the best remedies are not the speculations of scientists, but the use of commoners were opened “.
Those who use plants for medicinal purposes, it is often not clear their effect in many diseases, not similar in origin and direction. However, there is nothing contradictory since in the same plant contain different classes of chemical compounds — flavonoids, tannins, vitamins, organic, carboxylic and other acids. Each class of chemical substances have medicinal effects; they have a chance to sum up and provide a new types of activity. Consequently, the application of plants as therapeutic agents is the most natural their effectiveness for various diseases and least likely when one.
In the past medicinal plants were virtually the only source of therapeutic agents. With the improvement of chemical synthesis man learned to create biologically active substances, which helped to overcome almost all of the previously incurable diseases. The speed and firmness of their therapeutic effect has created the preconditions for the replacement of medical appliances of almost all pharmaceuticals of plant origin. Found that synthetic therapeutic agent of lsteni at a significant level allergizirutm the body, their intake is accompanied by adverse reactions such as rashes, hives and even anaphylactic shock.
However, substitute “chemistry” remedies obtained from plants, is to impoverish our ability to combat diseases. Currently, medical practice is extensively resorted to simultaneous use of medicinal herbs and synthetic drugs. But unproven passion for herbal medicine and excessive procurement of raw materials lead to the decrease of the habitat of some plants.
Now is the right time to apply and reproduce medicinal plants, not to their poor reserves. Should be more to do breeding of medicinal plants in gardens and orchards, forming conditions for them, native to natural to accumulate a maximum of biologically active substances. Everyone must learn to find, collect and preserve the gifts of nature. Many plants need to return to its former glory as healing tools.
Before the collection of plants to learn their description, personality development, methods of cultivation, collection, drying and conservation. This will allow to use raw materials for therapeutic purposes. Medicinal plants must become true friends of our health.