The cultivation, collection and drying of medicinal plants on the plot
Medicinal herbs are one of the most versatile plants for gardeners. Plants will feel good in any space where enough sunlight and complied with the conditions necessary humidity. There are certain advantages that herbs can be grown in pots on the windowsill or on the balcony of the house.
The cultivation of medicinal plants
The main requirement for growing herbs is to find them in their proper place. Most plants prefer sun, until the temperature does not rise above 30 degrees.
For planting herbs, you need about 30 cm in diameter for each plant, depending on species. Next you need to prepare the soil correctly. Scapulae and pitchforks razryhlenie the soil. This will allow water to drain and creates space for the growth of plant roots. Adding compost to the soil will help to prevent drainage problems and at the same time will serve as a good fertilizer.
The last step is to plant healthy, strong plants and water them when they become dry. Be aware that large amounts of water can lead to death of plants.
The collection of herbs will promote growth of new shoots. There are a few rules that will ensure a better harvest:
• brutatlity, roots or leaves need only from healthy plants
• collect a small amount of grass at a time to keep the plant healthy
• to collect the right plant parts should the morning after the dew has dried
• annual herbs, such as coriander, Basil, tended, harvested two or three times a season
• perennial herbs, such as rosemary, sage after the first year can be collected several times throughout the season
• the roots are dug in autumn usually at the end of the vegetation period
• in the harvesting of roots should not destroy the whole plant, just cut off what you need and replant the plant
There are several methods for preserving and storing herbs that are easy to implement at home by yourself. Mostly the plants are air dried — is a technique used in many countries. The place should be dry and well ventilated, free from dust and smoke. Do not recommend drying herbs in the sun, so as to evaporate all the precious essential oils. Ideal constant temperature of 20-32º C.
Note: If during the drying process, the herbs turn black or moldy, it is better to throw them away, it is an indication that the drying process failed.
Storage of medicinal plants
When herbs dry, they are Packed in containers and stored in a dark closet. Shelf life of dried plants, as a rule, is about 12 months under proper conditions.
Freezing is an excellent method for storing herbs as it helps to preserve color, flavor and nutritional value. There are two ways to freeze herbs:
• Put a small amount of herbs into plastic bags and send in the freezer. It is worth considering that the whole package there is no need to defrost, you can simply use the required amount, the remaining portion keep.
• Place chopped herbs in a tray of ice cubes and add water. Each ice cube is about 1 tablespoon of herbs and a teaspoon of water.
Herbal oils and vinegars
Herbal oils and vinegars are stored for many centuries. They can be used in salads, sauces, marinades and even dressings.
• Fill a clean glass jar with herb and pour a good quality oil — olive or sunflower.
• Leave the jar in a Sunny place for at least two weeks, shaking daily.
• Strain the contents to remove the grass and fill a clean bottle, adding a sprig of herb for identification.
For oils are perfect rosemary, dill, lemon thyme, fennel, sage.
• The procurement process is largely the same as for oils, but better slightly crush the herbs before placing in a clean jar.
• It is categorically impossible to use a jar with a metal lid because the vinegar will corrode the lid and contaminate the contents.
• After two weeks, strain the herb and pour the vinegar into clean bottles, with a sprig of herb for identification.
To make vinegar you can use sage, tarragon, garlic.
If you follow some simple tips for growing and storage, and a garden of medicinal herbs will not only beautify the yard, but also will be of great benefit.