Coca Bush or Coca: and description, of useful and medicinal properties of Coca, used in the folk medicine and folk recipes from Coca
Coca Bush ( Erythroxylon coca ) is a shrub of the genus erythroxylum the family Erythroxylaceae. He has a thin oval leaves of green color, a little narrowed at the end. Small white blooms with yellow flowers that ripen into red berries the size of a walnut. The Coca Bush . resembling the blackthorn, grows to a height of 2-3 meters, it lives in the mountain rainforests in the Northwest of South America. Now in the wild almost never occurs and is widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical areas of South-East Asia and South America. Plantation-growing shrub, controlled by Interpol. The history of cultivation and consumption of Coca leaf has long roots. The archaeological remains studied by scientists confirm that Coca leaves were used 3000 years BC on Peruvian Pacific coast. Presumably, the first Europeans encountered this plant in the discovery of the New world. Then in 1492 October 12 Christopher Columbus gave some dry and, as he said, very valuable sheets, perhaps it was the leaves of tobacco, and possibly coke.
The collection and preparation of coke
Fresh Coca leaves have a strong aroma similar to the aroma of tea, and have a pleasant spicy taste. During the year one Coca costmore to produce 5 kg of dry leaves. These leaves become brown, acquiring a peculiar odor, and neutral rather than tangy taste. In Central America, Coca leaves are collected in normal bags, then dried, then the weight is halved and treated with a special solution, which stands out thanks to 14 alkaloids: cocaine, gigrin, Ecgonine, cuscohygrine and others. The next day the leaves are soaked in a VAT of kerosene, and the subsequent processing on the bottom of the tank settles, the Coca paste to cocaine levels from 40 to 90%. From 1000 kg of fresh leaf obtained with 10 kg of paste. Unfortunately, the paste used to produce the drug cocaine to cook it, it takes a lot of air. Thus, great harm to the body brings not pure cocaine, and those substances with which it is extracted from the leaves of Coca Bush.
Useful and medicinal properties of Coca
Shrub Coca is traditionally cultivated at the foot of the Andes and the highlands. The leaves of this plant are the indigenous people of Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador used as a stimulant. The fact is that in the mountains, where usually low pressure, it’s very hard to keep fit and active, and when chewing fresh leaves is allocated a small amount of the alkaloid cocaine, which, without causing harm to the body, has a positive effect. Tea mate de Coca is recommended to drink to get used to the highlands. The drug cocaine causes euphoria, then there is severe depression that lasts two times longer than high. The drug poisons the body, destroys the brain, is addictive and leads to death.
The use of Coca in folk medicine
Cocaine proved to be valuable for local anesthesia. When the neurons of the peripheral nervous system interact with molecules of cocaine, the first could not be instituted, therefore there is numbness in any part of the body. Therefore, cocaine has revolutionized the surgery, although now I try to use cocaine derivatives, such as novocaine or procaine. A solution of cocaine hydrochloride is used in medicine for local anesthesia of the tooth pulp, mucous membranes of the oral cavity, larynx and nose. Coca is also used in the food industry, for example, as an aromatic component for Coca-Cola, and cosmetics.
Popular recipes from Coca
Tincture of Coca leaf: 100 ml 70% alcohol pour 10g of leaves and infuse for months. To take if severe vomiting 1-5ml, diluted with water.
Contraindications to the use of Coca
Cocaine is a powerful addictive drug is banned for use. The possession and distribution of cocaine is punishable by law. But cocaine and Coca leaves are not the same thing, and that trying to prove the President of Bolivia, Evo Morales, elected in 2005. He was the leader of the Coca growers Union and promised to legalize the cultivation and traditional use.
Side effects and effects of Coca
If we talk about Coca leaves, Coca tea does not cause side effects. This tea even drank the Pope and Princess Anna.